About one-third of the track is laid with 75-lb rails, and 56-lb, 70-lb, and 85-lb rails amount in all to about another third. WITH THE LOCATION OF DEPOTS, AND VARIOUS TOWNS ALONG THE LINE. NdeM, Oaxaca, Mexico, 1962 National Railways of Mexico steam locomotive no. CN’s network is your connection to North America and the world. This type of engine, the “Consolidation”, is used for hauling heavy goods and fast goods trains. The first trains to Nuevo Laredo from Mexico City began operating in 1903. In 1907 President Diaz and a large party went to Salina Cruz, where the President set in motion a steam winch which lifted the first piece of cargo from a ship into a goods wagon. Train travel in Mexico, Central & South America. Nacionales de Mexico No. The remaining train tours mostly serve the tourist market, offering a charming mode of transportation and the chance to see spectacular landscapes that would otherwise be difficult to reach. To ensure a proper reduction of speed round the curve flagmen accompany the traffic across the bridge. This remarkable structure is 350 ft long, has a curve of 325 ft radius on a gradient of 1 in 33, and is 92 ft above the river. This “Pacific” locomotive follows in design the standard American practice, having a feed-water heater before the chimney, and a bell behind it. The party then went across the isthmus to Puerto Mexico, where the load was put aboard a ship. Piedras Negras is 273 miles from Saltillo and 841 miles from Mexico City. GRADIENTS OF 1 IN 22 are encountered on the journey by trains of the Mexican Railway bound for Mexico City. The name means “Hot Waters”, and the town has a population of over 56,000. - from the book jacket. Of the remaining third 80-lb rails are most numerous. Mineral-ore wagons are a feature of railway traffic in this neighbourhood. ON THE SOUTHERN PACIFIC SYSTEM. https://locomotive.fandom.com/wiki/N_de_M?oldid=61041, The railroad itself has been renamed three times, and due to it being renamed, three different companies have existed. The newest routes from the United States, independent of the National lines, is that of the Southern Pacific Railroad of Mexico, which is a branch of the Southern Pacific Company of the USA. Zacatecas (788 miles) lies as high as 8,010 ft, the gradient having been adverse all the way up from Torreon, which is 3,721 ft above the sea. Receipts show that in 1934 the company had the largest net income in its history, passenger receipts being up by 20 per cent and goods receipts by over 30 per cent. Mexico City The National Railways have the largest system in Mexico, and also operate other smaller lines. The Indian refused and was put to the torture. The altitude of the station is 3,717 ft, and the American engineers took the track to Mexico City through the mountains without one tunnel, although they had maximum gradients of 1 in 57. THE METLAC BRIDGE on the Vera Cruz-Mexico City route of the Mexican Railway. The line was standard gauge from the beginning, and was built in about four years, at an average rate of a mile each working day. These diesels lived longer on the N de M as opposed to the other two railroads who purchased them. This route, opened in 1927, has attracted traffic from California. SAFETY FIRST is the meaning of the Spanish words “Seguridad Ante Todo”, painted on the front buffer beam of this 4-8-0 locomotive of the National Railways of Mexico. There is a fine monument to him at Chihuahua as “the father of Mexican Independence”. The trunk line proceeds to Leon (968 miles) in a fertile valley and on to Irapuato (1,007 miles), which is a junction for the railway which runs to Guadalajara and to Manzanillo. Ferrocarriles Nacionales de Mexico (FNM - National Railways of Mexico) was established in 1873. 178, one of the 4-6-2 engines owned by the National Railways of Mexico. The raids went on for years until the Mexican Government offered £20 for every Indian warrior’s scalp, later raising the price to £50, and thus checked the trouble. Escalon (419 miles) is a junction for a line going north-east to a mining area. There is one through train daily in either direction, the journey time being about twelve hours. The route which keeps practically in the centre of Mexico is that from El Paso-Ciudad Juarez, and is 1,226 miles from Colonia Station, Mexico City, trains taking about forty-eight hours. Tapachula, 261 miles from San Geronimo, lies at the base of the volcano of Taconah, which is 11,970 ft high; at Mile 286 the border is reached at Suchiate, on the river of that name. The name is in honour of the Briton who is remembered in Great Britain as the first Lord Cowdray. 13000-13099 . Electric locomotives haul the trains for over sixty miles of the 264 miles journey from Vera Cruz to Mexico City. Trains from the United States reach Piedras Negras from San Antonio. The route to Mexico City is thus a roundabout one of 602 miles. It is said that the shortage of men is the result of the civil wars, Pearson is the British name given to the last station before Salina Cruz. A church at Parral was completed in 1710 at the expense of an Indian miner, who brought a bar of gold every Saturday to pay the builders. The stem of the twig goes 145 miles to Santa Lucrecia, to connect with the Tehuantepec line across Mexico; but this stem buds in branch lines at several places. The original plan was to carry the line through to the Pacific port of Acapulco, but this was not done. After Mogone (116 miles) the line enters a gorge which is the dividing line between the jungle and the uplands. Lines such as the Inter-oceanic, and the Tehuantepec National Railway, 188 miles of main track, which the National Railways operate but do not own, are not shown in the totals. At Queretaro (1,073 miles) the line joins the other trunk line from Laredo, but diverges to go to Mexico City by way of San Juan del Rio (1,108 miles; 5,938 ft). The railroad eventually was redeveloped under a new name and new government ownership in 1998 as FXE (Ferrocarril Mexicano, or simply "Ferromex"). 639 (402) 0-8-0RT Ciudad de Mexico, Distrito Federal Location: Sindicato Nacional de Trabajadores Ferrocarrileros - Victor Flores Railway Museum Empalme Escobedo (609 miles) is an important junction, and the line here turns to the east. But in all honesty I was here because I had found out about its train museum. Trains for Mexico City change over from electricity to steam at Esperanza. Guaymas, five miles farther on, is on the Gulf of California, but the main line runs parallel with the coast, some distance inland, sending out branches to various ports until it reaches the port of Mazatlan (729 miles). Go back to see more maps of Mexico Maps of Mexico. Mexico used to have a robust national railway system, but train travel options in the country are fairly limited today. Beyond this comes another difficult section through the towering walls of the Canyon de la Mano, where a gradient of 1 in 25 was necessary. A V-shaped line runs in the opposite direction, with the town of Durango (158 miles; 6,207 ft) as the base. Don's Rail Photos. The line descends, passes through the one tunnel on the system, and goes through rocky country to San Geronimo (158 miles), junction for the Pan-American line which goes to Suchiate, 286 miles away, on the border of Guatemala. Photograph by Victor Hand, Hand-NdeM-01-52.JPG. It is supported by eight cast-iron and masonry-enclosed pillars. From Irapuato onwards the network of lines is close. The National Railways have over 880 locomotives working their standard gauge lines, and some 200 on their 3 ft gauge routes. Jimenez (373 miles) is the junction for the branch line which runs west to Parral and Rosario, with spurs to other towns. It became also a link between Mexico and the republic of Guatemala. The 2,661-mile KCSM operates the primary rail route in northern and central Mexico, linking Mexico City and Monterrey with Laredo, Texas, where more than 50 percent of the U.S.-Mexico trade crosses the border. TouristLink members rank Metro Tacubaya, Metro Mixcoac and Metro San Lázaro as the top railway stations in Mexico State. The N de M purchased 14 single unit Baldwin DR-12-8-1500/2 locomotives (better known as "Centipedes", due to the 2-D+D-2 wheel arrangement). Description: This map shows railroads in New Mexico. It lies west of Tampico, with which it is connected by a line which crosses the other trunk line to the capital at San Luis Potosi, 140 miles away, and then continues for a further 276 miles to Tampico. A NEW TRESTLE BRIDGE on the lines of the National Railways of Mexico. This part of the journey provides little in the way of scenery in the progress across the plains until Monterrey is approached; it is probably the route by which the early tribes reached Mexico. The Big Bend is at the end of the gorge and is a horseshoe curve five miles round and a mile and a quarter across. There are sixteen tunnels (two nearly three miles long) in as many miles, twelve viaducts, and many fills and cuttings - to say nothing of a gradient of 1 in 66. One fork of the twig rests on Vera Cruz, the other on Cordoba, and thev join at Tierra Blanca, which is sixty-one miles from Vera Cruz and fifty-eight miles from Cordoba. His head was cut off and taken to another town and displayed on a hook by the Spaniards as a warning to other revolutionaries. Beyond Durango, a line, part of which is in operation, is creeping towards the port of Mazatlan, on the Pacific coast. The work was not really finished until just before the beginning of the nineteenth century. This route was the main line of the Mexican Central - now part of the National Railways - and is said to have been the first railway to be built from the temperate zone into the tropics. The line ascends between the hills, reaching at 241 miles Buena Vista, where General Taylor and his 4,700 Americans defeated 23,000 Mexicans under General Santa Anna in 1847. An extension of this line runs from Laredo on the Texan side of the Rio Grande, to the port of Corpus Christi. Santa Rosalia (327 miles) has hot springs, and sufferers from rheumatic complaints come here to the thermal baths for treatment. The engine is equipped with the Baker valve gear, and has duplicate air-compressors - which can be seen above the rear driving axle - for the Westinghouse brake system. The main line of the National Railways extends south from Nuevo Laredo, on the Rio Grande, to Mexico City, passing through Monterrey, Saltillo, San Luis Potosi, and Queretaro - a distance of 803 miles. The engineer was put in prison and kept there until he proposed to convert the tunnel into a ditch. The line leaves Puerto Mexico, and goes through tropical country of such rank vegetation that “poison trains” have to be employed to prevent the jungle from overgrowing the track. The summit of the line lies 8,320 ft. above sea-level. The engine was used for both passenger and freight service on the Nacionales de Mexico railway. This line is the western gateway to Mexico. Monclova (148 miles) connects with a longer line running to the west, and Paredon (228 miles) is the junction for lines west to Torreon and east and south to Monterrey and Tampico. During the revolutionary struggle against Spain the revolutionaries made a point of executing the royalists on the spot where the royalists had executed revolutionaries. The longest viaduct (860 ft) is 240 ft high and cost £60,000, and is called Salsipuedes, which means “get out if you can”. The summit-level is 730 ft at Mile Post 141, and although this height is insignificant compared with those described earlier in this chapter, it is refreshing by reason of the breezes from the Pacific. Experimenting, merging, using innovative technology and computerized systems, these railroads survive and prosper as a testament to the spirit of the West. The main groups are: the Mexican Railway, comprising 321½ miles of standard gauge, and over 108 miles of narrow-gauge track; the National Railways with a route mileage of over 8,400, and the Southern Pacific, owning 1,355 miles. The worst part of the climb is packed into the last nine miles from Pimienta (779 miles), which require twenty-five minutes before the train steams into Zacatecas, on top of the hill, enabling the passenger to look down over the city. The other side of the V is formed by the line going to Tepehuanes, 136 miles to the north-west. At Guadalajara connexion is made with the lines of the Southern Pacific, as explained later in this chapter. Ferrocarriles Nacionales de México, (better known as N de M) was Mexico's state owned railroad company from 1938 to 1998, and prior to 1938 (dating from the regime of Porfirio Díaz) a major railroad controlled by the government that linked Mexico City to the major cities of Ciudad Juárez, Nuevo Laredo and Matamoros on the U.S. border. It is a junction for the line from the port of Tampico. The distance by rail across the isthmus is 188 miles. AAR Full members include the major freight railroads in the United States, Canada and Mexico, as well as Amtrak. It was built to standard (1435mm) gauge, which was also used for most subsequent railway development in the country. The N de M first began as both a narrow-gauge and standard gauge railroad. The Pan-American Railway was opened in 1908, as part of the as yet unrealized scheme to have lines running from North to South America. Sabinas, seventy-three miles south of the border, is a junction for a short branch line, as also is Barroteran (eighty-nine miles). Hidalgo divided some sweets among the firing squad before he was executed. Rail lines (total route-km) Container port traffic (TEU: 20 foot equivalent units) Air transport, freight (million ton-km) Air transport, passengers carried. The line thus gains the valley, entering the city and ending at Coloma Station, 7,349 ft above sea-level. Nacionales de Mexico. Roster info: Randy Keller This town was formerly Paso del Norte (Pass of the North), but was renamed to commemorate President Juarez. British-owned railway company, incorporated as the Imperial Mexican Railway in September 1864, later known as the Mexican Railway. At Iguala (147 miles) the line descends to about 2,410 ft. Balsas, the terminus (182 miles) taps a mining district. The Pennsylvania Railroad (24 or 12 sets of 2), and the Seaboard Air Line (14) with the last ones scrapped in 1971. Saltillo (235 miles) lies at an altitude of 5,249 ft, and is a city of 48,300 inhabitants, with a history dating back to 1575, when the Spanish discovered the region. San Luis Potosi (477 miles; 5,938 ft) is a mining city, which was exploited by the Spanish who worked the mines in this district. The Tehuantepec Railway is of particular interest as it was built across the narrowest part of Mexico as a transcontinental route of standard gauge. The Mexican Railway (Ferrocarril Mexicano) (reporting mark FCM) was one of the primary pre-nationalization railways of Mexico. LOCOMOTIVE No. At the seventy-ninth mile from Mexico City a gorge 1,033 ft wide and 126 ft deep presented a problem. Two main lines run from it, one west to San Luis Potosi, and the other north-west to Monterrey and the USA. The route was first opened to traffic in 1873, and it is practically the same as that followed by Cortes and his fellow Spaniards when they marched to the conquest of the ancient capital of Mexico. SHOWING THE ROUTE OF THE LINE. 7000-7999. Although the line enters Mexico at an elevation of 3,869 ft at Nogales, this is no advantage, as there are many ups and downs due to the fact that it touches the sea. Go back to see more maps of New Mexico U.S. Maps. The present line branches from the old one in the section south of Queretaro; the steepest gradient is now 1 in 50 and the summit-level is 7,840 ft, compared with 10,018 ft of the old line. The earthworks were considerable. Tampico, with a population of 100,000, is the great oil port. Passengers travelling across the United States from New York to the Pacific coast are offered “side-trips” into Mexico at reduced fares, and various steamship companies organize combined railway and steamship tours. This locomotive, weighing 179 tons, has one of the modern double-bogie “Vanderbilt” tenders with a cylindrical water tank, surmounted by a fuel-space. The “hotel car” is self-contained. Mexico's peak travel seasons are Christmas, the week before and after Easter, early May (May 1, which is Labor Day, and May 5 are national holidays), the beginning of … A long train of freight cars hauled by a 2-8-0 goods engine. It is connected with Oaxaca by the line of the Mexican Southern Railway, which is part of the lines operated by the National Railways. The mine has never been found. A total length of some 960 miles was converted to standard gauge in about eighteen months without interfering with traffic. Pacific, Texas & Pacific and National Railways of Mexico; Terrazas and Madera, where connection is made with various stage lines, etc., and Mifiaca, where it connects with the Kansas City, Mexico & Orient Railway. (MCR, N de M, and FXE. Patent applications, residents. At Mile 120 a smaller gorge was filled, and the new line soon began to pay its way because of the lower fuel costs. After leaving San Luis Potosi the line passes through a flat valley, and then a stony region of steeper gradients, emerging into more fertile lands. U.S. maps; States; Cities; Lakes; National Parks The line continues to rise, crossing the Tropic of Cancer, and goes through a rich mining district. Huichapan (704 miles) is passed, and at Nopala (716 miles) the train climbs above the elevation of Mexico City to the summit of the line, and then descends; but it has to make another ascent to gain an entrance to the Valley of Mexico. The Mexican “General Railroad Act”, passed on April 20th 1899, officially divided lines into those of federal (national), regional (state) and local interest. Tehuantepec, 176 miles from Puerto Mexico, and only twelve miles from Salina Cruz, is a town of 10,000 people, and is celebrated for its earthquakes and for its beautiful women, One theory for the earthquakes is that they are due to the efforts of Nature to re-establish the equilibrium of the mountains at this point, where the great backbone of the two Americas is at its lowest point, so that the earth often shakes. 650 is a class E-1 2-6-0 "Mogul" type steam locomotive that was built by the Baldwin Locomotive Works in 1889 for The Ferrocarriles Nacionales de Mexico - or Mexican National Railways.. Maps & Network. In this paper, I examine governmental motives for the construction of these vast railroads, and both the foreign and the domestic effects the introduction of railways had on India and Mexico. WalthersMainline 40' Association of American Railroads AAR Modernized 1948 Boxcar - Ready to Ru -- National Railways of Mexico NdeM #66799 (Boxcar Red, Small Shield Logo) Part #: 910-1193 In Stock It has railway connexions with Monterrey in the east, and with the Gulf port of Tampico. The train is headed by one of the powerful electric locomotives with overhead collectors which are used on this system. The occasion was a ceremonious one. Celaya (1,045 miles) is a flourishing city of over 25,000 inhabitants. When the church was finished the officer in command of the district seized the Indian and ordered him to show the way to the mine. The great haciendas - the estates and farm buildings - were a feature of this district, one of them having no fewer than 20,000 peons (labourers) attached to it in the old days. climb up to the great plateau. 2-8-0 ENGINE operating on the lines of the National Railways of Mexico. An N de M Baldwin 'Centipede' diesel locomotive. Santa Lucrecia (seventy-nine miles), the junction for the line to Vera Cruz, has about 1,000 human inhabitants and many million mosquitoes. In the ‘forties the invading American Army under General Taylor fought its way south along this route. A preserved N de M 2-8-0 narrow-gauge steam locomotive. Unlike in Europe, or parts of Asia or Africa, there's no real coherent international rail network, and most journeys must generally be made by long-distance bus or plane.. Buyer agrees to pay for EXPEDITED SHIPPING … In its first few miles it climbs to 4,288 ft, it comes down to only 53 ft at Poza (118 miles), climbs to 1,520 ft, at Carbo (130 miles), and drops to five feet at Empalme (255 miles). ALSO CONNECTING RAILROADS AND OTHER TYPES OR TRANSPORTATION ARE SHOW. Ixtlan, nine miles farther but at the slightly lower altitude of 3,394 ft, marks the beginning of one of the most difficult and costly stretches of track in America. It ran along the Mexican Transcontinental Railroad, on which it took over trackage operations from the Mexican Central Railway and whose name was actually changed to N de M (serving most of the country at the time, and being the largest as well due to having a transcontinental route). This stretch is a difficult one from Queretaro, as the line has to ascend to get out of the hollow in the Central Plateau, a process entailing a climb up to 8,237 ft, a descent and a final climb to gain the Valley of Mexico. MODERN ALL-STEEL BRIDGE on the Manzanillo-Mexico City line of the National Railways of Mexico. Torreon was founded as recently as 1887 on a ranch, and now has a population of over 26,000. Before he died Maximilian asked the firing squad to shoot him in the body so that when his remains were sent to Austria his mother might see his undisfigured face. These three stations are on the north side of the city. It is said that the early Spaniards who mined silver here were so careless that it would now pay to knock down some of the old buildings in the town and extract the silver from the walls. The line goes down and then up to Ahuacatlan (989 miles; 3,484 ft). Early in the last century Apache and Comanche Indians who found the United States too hot to hold them crossed into Mexico and preyed on the settlers. Huehuetoca (1,198 miles) is at the top of the last gradient, and after this the train speeds up and gains Mexico City, 1,226 miles from the start. The railway builders were unable to avoid a gradient of 1 in 33 to reach Cima (9,895 ft), and a similar gradient for the descent, the summit being thirty-eight miles from the capital. This item will be shipping in a 2" diameter shipping tube to protect it during transit. The line gains the valley by means of the Tajo de Nochistongo, or “Cut of Huehuetoca”, a trench once nearly four miles long that was cut through the mountains to drain the Valley of Mexico. Nacional de Mexico No. ), The Canadian National (CN) railroad leased Canadian-built ALCO Century Series. The first part of the journey affords wonderful views of the Valley of Mexico, and the building of this section was a feat even in this country of remarkable railway engineering. The country traversed is noted for its luxuriant vegetation; Dr. Fuchs, the German botanist who gave his name to the fuchsia, lived for some time in this region, where varieties of fuchsias abound. The above illustration shows one of the steep gradients near Alta Luz, ninety-nine miles from Vera Cruz. IN “LITTLE HELL” GORGE, or Infiernillo Canyon, on the line of the Mexican Railway between Vera Cruz and Esperanza. It ascends to 1,771 ft at Monterrey (168 miles), a city of 150,000 inhabitants and an important railway junction and industrial centre. 4. Twelve of the foreigners are employed in foreign agencies, another is Vice-President and Assistant Treasurer in New York, while the remaining two are classified as “other officers”. Puente de Ixtla (112 miles) is an agricultural town. Puerto Mexico was formerly known as Coatzacoalcos, but the name was changed in honour of the occasion. Eagle Pass is in Texas, the town on the Mexican bank of the Rio Grande being Piedras Negras. NATIONAL RAILWAYS OF MEXICO. This fine steel structure is crossed by trains running between Guadalajara, a junction, and Manzanillo on the west coast of Mexico. The performance of Mexico’s three (now two) main rail freight concessions compares improved by more than a third. East of Mexico City the system of lines is considerable. THE PRINCIPAL RAILWAYS OF MEXICO are shown on this map. In the year 1933-34 the goods engines of the National Railways hauled over nine million tons of freight. The new line added some seventeen miles to the distance between Queretaro and the capital, the total distance now being 167 miles. It was begun in the ‘nineties at a time when the completion of the Panama Canal was regarded as impracticable after the failure of the French attempt. After leaving the capital, passengers are given half a day in Patzcuaro, a day and two nights in Uruapan, nearly a day in Morelia, and some hours in Celaya. The town does not mark the end of the line, as spur lines extend east, west, and south, in the manner of the roots of a tree. This meant more trouble with the Indians, who were always trying to desert. Incorporated in London in September 1864 as the Imperial Mexican Railway ( Ferrocarril Imperial Mexicano ) to complete an earlier project, it was renamed in July 1867  after the Second French Empire withdrew from Mexico . The coastal region traversed by the railway is fertile and the first part of the journey is through country producing sugar-cane, maize, and other tropical crops, Then comes a timber region, where hardwood is so plentiful that mahogany is used in the building of the track. [From part 42 and part 43, published 15 and 22 November 1935], [Read the previous article in part 42] [Read the next article in part 43]. In the seventy-five miles to Aguascalientes (863 miles) the line descends 1,831 feet, as Aguascalientes lies at an altitude of 6,179 ft. The first railway in Mexico opened in 1850 between Veracruz and El Molino, a distance of 11.5km. The American brother waved the Mexican flag and the Mexican brother the American flag, and the brothers saluted each other, as symbolical of the meeting of the lines from the two republics. The main line sends off other branches before reaching the new town of Torreon, 521 miles. Tehuacan (5,487 ft), eighty miles from Puebla, is linked by a branch line to Esperanza, which, as previously stated, is at the top of the great climb made by the Mexican Railway line from Vera Cruz. This first line, 276 miles long, climbs up from Tampico into the mountains, leaving the region of tropical vegetation and mounting to 5,938 ft at San Luis Potosi. This 202 tons engine is employed on heavy goods services, and resembles other Mexican locomotives in following American design. Work started in 1607, the first plan being to drive a tunnel, and some 15,000 Indians were forced to labour, thousands dying from hardships. Railways were the most significant infrastructure development in India (during 1850-1947) and during Porfiran Mexico (1876-1910). NdeM, Valle de Mexico, Mexico, 1962 National Railways of Mexico steam locomotive no. The original line was later improved, and important harbour works were completed at Salina Cruz. Matias Romero (126 miles) is a new railway town where live the officials and workmen, many of whom are British and American. Indeed, most countries have no coherent national rail network. Zacatecas is lodged in a ravine at the foot of mountains which have yielded enormous quantities of silver for nearly four centuries, since Juan de Tolosa found silver here in 1546. The tunnel was made, but in 1629 the engineer became nervous, and had it walled up during exceptional rains, so that Mexico was flooded. Cuernavaca Station (74 miles; 5,068 ft) is about a mile from the town, which is the centre of a beautiful district. Puebla, which is 130 miles from Mexico City by the National Railways line, is, as mentioned previously, also on the Mexican Railway. The great firm of Pearson did much to develop modern Mexico, and built the railway and the port of Salina Cruz. Construction began at either end, and the lines met at Fresnillo, 752 miles from the border, in March, 1884. 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