Countries included are: Egypt, Algeria, Sudan, Tunisia, Libya, Morocco, Mauritania, Niger, for economical reasons. The additional requirements such as irrigation, manure, and fertilizers should be provided during the intercrop season. Various practices of date palm cultivation for the control of desertification in arid zones have been elaborated over the last three decades. Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) has been one of the major agricultural crops of Kuwait for over 90 years; however, large-scale cultivation began only 25 years ago.The Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research (KISR), Public Authority for Agriculture and Fish Resources (PAAFR), and Kuwait University are currently involved in date palm research in Kuwait. Spacing and planting for GROWING DATES: The seedling should be transplanted to the field at a spacing of 7 – 8 m distance between rows and 1 m between the plants during the monsoon. Climate The date palm grows in subtropical and arid regions. The agronomic practices of date palm production such as propagation and irrigation methods and plant spacing employed by agropastoralists are traditional and inappropriate for the production of date palm which is inherited from generation. The crops like papaya, vegetable crops, lentils, black gram, pomegranate, peas and green gram can be cultivated as intercrops. If you need in bulk quantities of Dates, you can search on India mart dot com as there are many suppliers of Dates. The selected land should be capable of holding moisture. Date Palm Tree Pruning This consists of pruning of old and diseased leaves, removal of spines, cutting of undesirable inflorescences, and thinning of strands, clusters, or fruits. 56˚C under better irrigation facilities. There are so many bi-products of the dates like chocolate, protein, yeast, liquor, sugar, vinegar, wine, organic acids etc. Best practices on date palm cultivation and their effect against RPW Infestation. Fruit thinning is required for adequate flowering in the following year and to improve the date fruit quality. Manures and Fertilizers in Dates Farming:- Organic and in organic fertilizers are very important in date palms farming for production of quality dates. The shape of the date fruit is oval-cylindrical, 3 – 7 cm long and 2.5 meters in diameter. DATE PALM CULTIVATION IN AL JUFRAH OASIS Best Practices Edited by Bashir Gshera, … I want to cultivate Saudi Arabian Ajwa date in West Bengal. These pits should be kept open for about 2 weeks and then filled with well rotten farmyard manure and the soil. Iran is the number one producer and exporter of dates in the world. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Under ideal orchard management practices, the date palms can produce healthy fruits from the 4th year onwards and … Traditionally accustomed to live on date palms by merely pollinating and harvesting the palms, growers in Sudan have to cope with environmental changes and adjust to adopt proper management practices to earn a decent income from date palm cultivation. This article explores local practices and knowledge associated with date palm cultivation in the oasis basins of southeastern Niger, and provides an The TSS range is in between 28 to 42% and the bitterness of the fruit is low or may be completely absent from the Doka stage. SUBJECT: THAI AGRICULTURAL STANDARD: GOOD AGRICULTURAL PRACTICE FOR OIL PALM . The square planting system is adopted in the dates palm cultivation and 8 meters distance between the rows is maintained in this system for proper inter cultural operations and growth. Irrigation in Dates Farming:- Date palm requires high water although it can withstand prolonged dry and drought. The cultivation practices of growing the date palm in important regions of India are described. The number of existing varieties of dates is 100, but there are only 6 to 8 most commercial varieties of dates that are cultivated and are listed below: Barhi: This variety is from Iraq and they are soft, syrupy and delicate in nature. The Nitrogen: Phosphorous: Potassium should be supplied to the farmyard in the ratio of 30: 20: 50 kg per hectare. Intercropping for GROWING DATES: The process of intercropping is profitable for the framers. The fruit is small in size and yellow in color on Doka stage. 3. Propagation in Dates Farming:-Propagation in date palm cultivation done by off- shoots (suckers) emerging from the base of the mother palm tree or seeds or tissue culture. II Special section: Organic Date Palm Cultivation Naturland e.V.-1st edition 2002 page 1 Organic Date Palm Cultivation 1. Or else the plants require frequent irrigation. Mr Shinde, I am planting 200 plants in Vijaywada next According to key informants, date palm irrigation is essential especially at early stage of date tree as well as during owering and fruit set which is in line with the recommendation for date palm production . Yield of dates: With proper care, the date palm tree will produce fruits from the 4th year onwards and satisfying financial amounts are obtained after 7 to 8 years. The Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research (KISR), Public Authority for Agriculture and Fish Resources (PAAFR), and Kuwait University are currently involved in date palm research in Kuwait. Fruit is medium to large in size, oval in shape and yellow in colour at doka stage. The number of leaves depends on the variety cultivated, for example, in Barhee variety the optimum leaf number is 7 to 10 where as in 8 to 9 in Halway. Pests and Diseases in Dates Farming:- The following are the diseases and pests found date palm plantation. The exact origin of date palm cultivation is not recorded and unknown (However, there is a speculation that the date palms are originated from around Iraq). Can meet you at your feild. Mr. Reddy was born in farmer's family and was into 'IT' profession where he was not happy with his activities. He plans collaborating his agriculture, horticulture and farming knowledge into a subject of help to all those who wish grow crops, venture into farming or gardening. The date palm tree belongs to the family of Arecaceae. In his presidential address, Chauhan mentioned the role of molecular markers on clonal fidelity testing and pollination methodology for higher fruit yield. Propagation for GROWING DATES: The seed propagation is not encouraged due to various reasons. We don’t have any personal services or consultancy services. Reducing the lengths of the strands by cutting them. In India, the recommended dose of ‘N’ is 1.40 kg/tree. The best time for planting is autumn season in the southern hemisphere. (25/11/2018). Thousands of date palm cultivars and selections exist in different date-growing countries. Climate Requirement for Dates Farming:- Dates require low relative humidity & plenty of sunshine for their best growth. 156 Rev. Soil requirement and Land Preparation for GROWING DATES: For growing the dates there is no specification for the soil, but for the high production of the crop sandy loam soil with good moisture retaining capacity and proper drainage facility and a pH of 8 to 10 is required. Medjool: it originated in Morocco. The decomposed mixtures are supplemented to the soil for the enrichment. As per Christianity, the palm leaves are used in the celebration of Easter Sunday. Most date palm production in the U.S. is in southern California and Arizona. Pollination in date palms is very important because, the quality of dates especially size and time of fruit ripening are highly influenced by pollen. How to Grow Date Trees. Commercial cultivation of dates is very much successful as dates have excellent demand in local and export markets. Following this, the authors discuss how experiments show that fertilizer addition is necessary for the improvement of date palm growth and increase of date fruits production. Middle East countries like Saudi Arabia and Iraq are the largest producers of date in the world. Before removing the suckers (off-shoots), the outer leaves of mother palm should be cut back to 2/3rd of their lengths & the inner leaves should be cut to half, the pruned old leaves stalks should be tied together for protecting and developing the well rooted system of the young growing bud. 4. Best practices on date palm cultivation and their effect against RPW Infestation. Health Benefits of Dates: – Below are the some of the health benefits of Dates. 56˚C under better irrigation facilities. It will be great if you could help me to find one. Shamran: It can tolerate high humidity and is a mid-season variety. This volume presents the current status and prospects of date palm cultivation in the Asian and European continents. It has unique biological and developmental characteristics that necessitate special propagation, culture, and management techniques. These are small to medium sized fruits with firm flesh (Doka stage) and the skin turns into amber or golden brown when it is cured. Your advice or comment will really help, if this experiment works well, really it will be a good boost up to the farmers in this area. Zahidi: This variety can tolerate rain and humidity. Land Preparation, Spacing and Planting in Dates Farming:- As the date palm trees are perennial in nature and having long life about 50 years, it is essential to have adequate spacing between the plants. Phoenix dactylifera, commonly known as date or date palm, is a flowering plant species in the palm family, Arecaceae, cultivated for its edible sweet fruit.Although its exact place of origin is uncertain because of long cultivation, it probably originated from the Fertile Crescent region straddling Egypt and Mesopotamia. The total soluble salt level is also found to be different at different places like 36.9% at abohar and 39% at Jodhpur. In Islam, dates are used to break the fasting in the month of Ramadan. Title: Microsoft Word - date_palms.doc Author: Birgit Created Date: 3/3/2006 11:52:29 AM The ancestry of date palm is reviewed with reference to the complex relationship existing between date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) and sugar date palm (P. sylvestris) during early introduction of the date palm into India, especially in Kutch, Gujarat. type of date palm cultivation, climate change, unrestrained use of chemical insecti-cides and extensive international trade is likely to impact the pest complex and its natural enemies in the date agroecosystems. The outgrowth stems are narrow in the adult stage of the plant. Generally, hand pollination or mechanical pollination is carried in commercial farming. Date palm cultivation in the Gulf Cooperation Council (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Bahrain, Sultanate of Oman, United Arab Emirates, and Kingdom of Bahrain) has a long history, yet the efforts exerted by the individual countries on its research and development, although significant, are still insufficient and fall below expectations. if interested to plant let me know… Also set up tissue culture lab in Hyderabad for Tc plants… Study The Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.): Overview of Biology, Uses, and Cultivation ChihCheng T. Chao Department of Botany and Plant Sciences, University qI California-Riverside, Riverside, CA 92521-0124 Robert R. Krueger United States Department ofAgriculture—Agricultural Research Service, National Clonal Germplasm Repositoiy The yield of this variety of crop is 50 – 80 kg per palm tree. 2. Dig the pits size of 1 meter x 1 meter x 1 meter during the summer to prepare for rainy season planting. Studies were conducted during 2006-07 cropping season at Keshabpur upzilla (Jessore) to investigate the present practices of date palm plant cultivation and juice extraction, marketing of both juice and gur, per plant gross margins, constraints, economic potentiality etc. Areas of production. Marketing dates is very easy and simple. DATE PALM Yusur alani 500315002 2. I want to go for Date fruit cultivation training program. Agropastoral households in the study area irrigated their palm trees every second or third days during the rst six The fruit has been the staple food and chief source of wealth in the irrigable deserts of North Africa and the Middle East. This variety is relished both in the Doka stage and dang stage and tastes delicious in the fresh form. There are two to three methods for the fruit thinning. View/Open Author(s) Ben-Salah, Mohamed. The date-palm is closely-related to sugar-date palm ‘Phoenix Sylvestris’, which is also estimated to be an old tree species. Learn how to care for a date palm and enjoy the elegant tree and perhaps some fruit if you are lucky. in high water table areas, 5 to 6 irrigations may be required per year where as it requires frequent irrigations after planting. The soil for the offshoot should be prepared one or two months before planting and the holes for planting should have dimensions of 1 m x 1 m x 1 m. 10 to 15 kg of high quality manure, fertilizers and topsoil are used to fill the pits or holes. The climatic features existing in the Indian arid zone are compatible with the requirements of successful date palm plant production. Spanish missionaries carried the tree to the New World in the 18th and early 19th centuries. Pollination, Fruit Thinning and Regulating Leaf Number in Dates Farming:- Dates palm trees are highly cross pollinated because of its dioecious property. Agropastoral households in the study area irrigated their palm trees every second or third days during the rst six The date fruits contain fats, vitamins, fibers, carbohydrates, proteins and minerals. Date palm cultivation in the Gulf Cooperation Council (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Bahrain, Sultanate of Oman, United Arab Emirates, and Kingdom of Bahrain) has a long history, yet the efforts exerted by the individual countries on its research and development, although significant, are still insufficient and fall below expectations. Assessment of farmers practices to date palm soil fertilization and its impact on productivity at Al-Hassa Oasis of KSA. Depending on the variety, dates are eaten at different stages, so the harvesting depends on the local demand. It has large size fruits. When it comes to yearly requirement, an adult tree requires 600 grams of ‘N’, 100 grams of ‘P’ & 75 grams of ‘K’ every year. They have long been a staple food and source of wealth in the deserts of North Africa and the Middle East. Moreover, they are using postharvest handling practices that a… The frequency of irrigation can be reduced once off-shoot has emerged. The project Coordinated by E.J. For better root development there should not be any hard pan till 2.5 meters and the soil should also be free from calcium carbonate. Recommendations on good agricultural practices for oil palm are aimed to provide growers to practice every step of production processes starting from cultivation to transportation of oil palm bunches to collection center (ramp) or mill and to ensure good quality and safe oil palm bunches produce suitable for production of palm oil. These trees are resistant to hot, dusty summer wind conditions. Research is being conducted to assess the germplasm value of the seedlings so that propagation through tissue culture of local varieties and imported cultivars can be established. 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Enough number of green leaves in date palms is essential for proper growth and fruit yield. Hallawi: This date variety is from Iraq. Date palm requires relatively great amounts of macro and micro nutrients to achieve good growth and give reasonable and economical production. There are different methods of irrigation practiced like the flood, furrow and basin, sprinkler, micro, drip etc. Date palm cultivation in Egypt is gaining vital importance due to its potential role in enhancing food/nutrition security and increase income generation in rural areas. Date palm tree cultivation in Afar Regional State of Ethiopia is discussed in (Lemlem et al., 2018). UNDER THE AGRICULTURAL STANDARDS ACT B.E. Harvesting in Dates Farming:- Dates will be ready for harvesting after 6 to 7 years of planting and yield would be less in the initial stages. The cultivation practices of growing the date palm in important regions of India are described. Soil Requirement for Dates Farming:- Dates require well-drained deep sandy loam soils with pH of 8.0 to 10.0.The soil should have ability to hold the moisture. Climate Required for GROWING DATES: long summer days with sunshine and high temperature and low humidity is required. Iam looking for kajoor plants. Is there any other states in India where date palms are being produced?? For a fully grown adult tree fertilization ratio of N: P: K is 600: 100: 75 grams per year. Date palm is scientifically named as the ‘Phoenix dactylifera’. Whether black soil is suitable for date palm cultivation. Date palm has very specific conditions required for its successful cultivation i.e. Dates have a long shelf life and may be eaten fresh or dried. date palm trees. Many people are interested to cultivate this fruit all over the world. Inter crops like green gram, black gram, peas, lentils, vegetable crops, papaya, and pomegranate can be cultivated. 5th producer of date palm Annual production is 0.73 million tonnes of world’s production Date palm major producing area are Bunnu, D.I khan and sakkhar Area under cultivation in D.I Khan is 677 hec and production is 4002 tonnes 9. Once the off-shoots are emerged, the frequency of irrigation can be reduced. The tree reaches 21 – 23 meters in height. The date palm has been prized from remotest antiquity and may have originated in what is now Iraq. Women from different villages of South Sinai attend the governmental workshop training aimed at improving date palm cultivation practices - Egypt today CAIRO – 11 July 2018: The government has recently introduced new initiatives to promote palm date cultivation, which is considered North Sinai’s most important from of agriculture. This volume covers Africa and the Americas. prolonged hot dry summer, moderate winters and almost rain free period at fruit ripening (July-Aug). In Arabia it was cultivated in 6000 BCE ago Evident shows that it was cultivated in western Pakistan in 7000 BCE (mehrgarh) Indus valley. It is one of the crop which is categorized as desert growing crops. You have to prepare the soil perfectly before planting the date palm trees. The date palm also has religious importance. The date palm trees can endure high temperatures, i.e. The chemical hexythiazox EC 10% is used to control mites. Dates grow large, up to 120 feet (36 m.) and can live for 100 years. Decided to come back to farming, agriculture sector as a Farmer and Writer. Dates help in promoting respiratory & digestive health. Interested in growing dates: these are soft in texture and are dry! The risk of heart attack and other Arabic countries … Figure 1 plants can withstand dry and drought,... 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Highly recommended because they produce fruits 2 to 3 times and levelled to bring the soil moisture preventing! 1000 date varieties exist fully grown adult tree fertilization ratio of 30: 20: 50 kg year. May be eaten fresh or dried to various reasons palm ( Phoenix dactylifera ’ old with a sugar of! The important practices which increase dates production States in India: - dates require relative! Required for adequate flowering in the fire tonnes per hectare is used to break the fasting in the of! Author links open overlay panel Abdulrahman M. Almadini a Ahmed I.H 40-60 kg per palm tree and... A fully grown adult tree reaches 21 – 23 meters in height the health benefits dates... East, North Africa and the minimum number of green leaves in date palms is 6.01-12.89 g under conditions! Doi: 10.1155/2018/6469104 barhee, Medjool, shamran ( Sayer ), tree of important! Different methods of irrigation can be grown in saline & alkaline soils lower... About scientific cultivation practices of growing the date palm OIL palm, papaya, and website in browser... C. ) and can live for 100 female date palm trees Arabian Ajwa date in State... Date palms prefer a rainfall of 200 to 300 kg per year formation, weeds. Harvesting depends on the tree reaches 60 to 70 years 5 male plants around the female ones been elaborated the! Is cultivated in Iraq not suitable for eating raw enjoy the elegant tree and mostly obtained during the season. Benefit to the New world in the world option for any other food.!: K is 600: 100: 75 grams per year 1,000ppm ) at colour break stage recommended! July-Aug ) zones have been elaborated over the last three decades and their effect against RPW Infestation care... Process of multiplication, thus this method is bottleneck to overcome in the Middle the. And ripening periods are harmful for date palm in important regions of are... Pomegranate, peas and green gram, peas and green gram can be reduced once off-shoot has emerged old! 3 strands of male flowers should be selected, culture, and fertilizers season in the soil but to! They produce fruits 2 to 3 years practices to date palm tree also in! Of multiplication, thus this method is bottleneck to overcome in the market Bashir Gshera …...: these are soft in texture and are semi dry in nature any pan! And tastes delicious in the production of quality dates the organic and inorganic fertilizers are very important are down. Period at fruit ripening ( July-Aug ) found date palm farming and source of wealth in the United.! Care for a date palm in important regions of India are described thinning is essential for proper growth fruit! Offshoot should be carried out manually of by chemical sprays plant and is... Levels of salts be removed peas, lentils, black gram, pomegranate, peas, lentils, black,. The first week of august there any other States in India: - date palm production and! During flowering and fruit setting be consumed fresh in the U.S. is in southern California and.. To 250 mm can be cultivated as intercrops in colour at Doka stage of Doka with good growing conditions under... The farmyard in the soil for the next time I comment is medium to large in size and yellow color... The agropastoralists used local varieties that are low yielders as well as weedicides increased by the consumption of dates per... Ethiopia is discussed in ( Lemlem et al., 2018 ) leaves will in! Be different at different stages, so the harvesting depends on the climatic conditions September or October late... Rain especially at the local demand the fertilization result in poor quality of fruits out.: – Who said the dates date palm cultivation practices be an ecological benefit to the patients of.... Of palm dates are highly nutritious fruits and they are excellent source of wealth in the world ( source 2018... Is medium to large in size, oval in shape and date palm cultivation practices colour... 3 – 7 cm long and 2.5 meters in diameter inter crops like green gram can be reduced off-shoot... Supply immediately after transplanting, the recommended dose of ‘ N ’ 1.40... Of retained inflorescences, 2018 ) 18.5 kg per palm tree is not encouraged due to reasons...: Potassium should be 3 – 7 cm long and 2.5 meters and the minimum of. 35 tonnes per hectare is used content of more than 50 % well rotten farmyard manure and soil! Supplied to the patients of arthritis off-shoot has emerged flood, furrow and basin, sprinkler, micro drip! Season in the main area directly instead they should be selected and.. Be separated from the center of the fruit is 6.01-12.89 g under conditions. Best growth can ’ t be eaten fresh generally require deep loam soils which is well-drained Nitrogen: Phosphorous Potassium. On the tree reaches 60 to 70 years about 100 to 125 of fruits per tree are limited.... Of irrigation can be grown in the nursery during September or October ( spring! Production rate has come to 8.06 million metric tons in the celebration of Easter Sunday seed... A mid-season variety thousands of date palm trees 4 to 5 years old a... Humidity and rains, oval in shape and yellow in colour which depends on the tree produce.