Stock Photo by photonewman 0 / 0 Burmese Shrike Stock Photo by panuruangjan 0 / 12 Female brown shrike Pictures by neelsky 0 / 14 Brown shrike on the branches are green backdrops. Occasional individuals seen in Korea that appear to show mixed characteristics of superciliosus and perhaps confusus or lucionensis (i.e. Male has an ash-gray head, an inky black mask, white underparts, and scaly chestnut wings. reddish cap, broad white forehead, brown back and mantle) suggest that hybridisation between superciliosus and other subspecies is perhaps more widespread than presently thought. Stockholm. In trying to allow for this it may be possible that this bird is a female phoenicuroides, with earth-brown upper-parts, a (for a female) fairly prominent supercilium and white under-parts. Presumably second calendar-year birds, such individuals if found out of their expected range would seem to pose a great identification challenge. However, there are no mid-winter records of lucionensis known to Birds Korea, with the latest records traced being two old specimens in the DPRK said, perhaps in error, to have been collected in November (reported in Tomek, 2002). The birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsular. II, Passerines. Juvenile has lightly scaled upperparts and barred underparts. The majority of non-lucionensis Brown Shrike in South Korea have reddish-brown backs/mantles, rufous-brown crowns, and warm-tinged brown tails. It's conceivable that the odd female or juvenile does get quite dark, like the Scillies bird last year, which had a typical Red-backed Shrike wing-formula (see here - you'll need to login to surfbirds though - browner than ours though). Young Females appear rather similar to males, though perhaps look a little colder-brown, and some seem to show rather more brown admixed into the crown (though this could also perhaps reflect intergradation with other subspecies: if so more than 50% of all later-migrating lucionensis in spring in South Korea show some such intergradation). adults in winter (e.g. At the gate, I found Asian Brown Flycatcher Muscicapa latirostris latirostris and Oriental Magpie-Robin Copsychus saularis prosthopellus. Habitat: Wild Urban Garden. The supercilium in first year birds is said to run only from the anterior eye level (see Wells 2007). The colour of lores in this bird is not well developed (incomplete) supporting a first year bird. For example Robson  depicts confusus but omits nominate cristatus; while Worfolk  depicts cristatus and has only one image of confusus). This bird has significant barring of the breast sides and flanks supporting a first year bird. While considered to be largely allopatric, Worfolk (2000) suggests that it might meet confusus in Sakhalin, and also records that hybridization between "extralimital" lucionensis and superciliosus has been reported in Japan. A celebratory pint in the Warham Three Horseshoes was most enjoyable! There seems to be a limited understanding of most non-adult male plumages, with several discrepancies noted between females and immatures seen in the field and descriptions contained within oft-cited literature. "sandy-backed" individuals of unclear provenance (perhaps also largely attributable to confusus?). “Possibly an adult female but could be a 1st winter moulting into an adult.” Dato’ Dr Amar-Singh HSS Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia 18th March 2018 Location: Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia Habitat: … Continued Although the vast majority of Brown Shrike appear to show dark lores, at least five females seen in the spring of 2004 (out of less than 50 noted as such) showed rather plainer and paler lores, with several of these appearing strikingly pale-lored and "open-faced" (strongly recalling both Isabelline and female Red-backed Shrikes). Lucionensis comprise probably 30-50% of all Brown Shrike during early May, with the vast majority (90%) comprised of this taxon by late May/early June. Identification of Red-backed, Isabelline and. Brown Shrike. One such individual in early June also showed a largely pinky-grey base to the bill. It was male, and there … Japanese Shrike (superciliosus), Japanese Brown Shrike (superciliosus), Philippine Shrike (lucionensis), Philippine Brown Shrike (lucionensis), Philippine Brown Shrike (cristatus, confusus) Bird Family : Laniidae - Shrikes: Bird Group : PASSERIFORMES: Red Data Status : Least Concern: Remarks : Taxonomic Notes : The distinction is not easy to use in the field but has been tested with breeding birds in Japan where the female can be identified from the presence … Near the entrance to the preserve (at an elev. Details: This remarkable find by local birder Iwan Van Veen was initially thought to be a juvenile Brown Shrike. of about 125 m or 410 ft.), I photographed a female Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus. In addition there is suggestion of hybridisation between the various subspecies. Svennson et al, 2003) - for an online comment with photographs of apparently hybrid pairs in Kazakhstan which illustrates this point go to Hybrid Shrikes in Central Asia. Migrant Birds at Shemya Island, Aleutian Islands, Alaska. Superciliosus is, by contrast, the scarcest of the four forms, with a very few records of single birds, mostly in May in the far southwest. A significant number of Brown Shrike seen in South Korea in spring do not conform well with the plates of Brown Shrike in Worfolk (2000) or Robson (2000). Brown Shrike is comprised of either four (Svensson, 1992) or three distinct subspecies, considered by Worfolk (2000) as worthy of treatment as three diagnosable species under the phylogenetic species concept: L. cristatus, L. lucionensis and L. superciliosus. However, a significant number of Brown Shrike occur in South Korea (and presumably elsewhere) which seem to show features suggestive of one or more forms of Isabelline. Learn how your comment data is processed. adult male superciliosus, lucionensis and cristatus), there appear to be no consistent structural or biometric differences easily discernible in the field and a very significant percentage of individuals (i.e. The distinction is not easy to use in the field but has been tested with breeding birds in Japan where the female can be identified from the presence … There is a joke hidden somewhere in this situation. The northernmost wintering limit is southern China and southernmost Japan, and the species becomes widespread in the boreal winter throughout much of South-east Asia. Despite its small stature, the behaviors of a shrike reflect those of a raptor. Based on the combination of these features, such individuals can easily be ascribed to the Japan- and Sakhalin-nesting superciliosus. More importantly - 1st year shrikes of both Brown and Red-backed have distinct pale fringes to the tertials (and greater coverts) and adults (second years?) In the South, lucionensis is now considered to be a much-decreased and comparatively uncommon (and local) summer visitor. The Brown Shrike: Taxonomy and Distribution. The remainder are comprised largely of either cristatus or confusus, "reddish-brown backed" types. Grahame Walbridge also stimulated much of the original motivation for the note. Grayish white to pale buff, with spots of brown and gray often concentrated at large end. Brown Dove — Represents a subconscious thought that is less than clear. Cracov. Based on available literature, a pale sandy-brown shrike showing a contrastingly orange-tinged tail is most likely an Isabelline. Although the vast majority of Brown Shrike appear to show dark lores, at least five females seen in the spring of 2004 (out of less than 50 noted as such) showed rather plainer and paler lores, with several of these appearing strikingly pale-lored and "open-faced" (strongly recalling both Isabelline and female Red-backed Shrikes). Taxonomy: Polytypic. For a birder who is just starting out, the colour of the bird will probably be the first piece of information that … Both share strong reddish-brown tones to most of the upperparts, a strong black face-mask, and dark lores (black in males, brownish-black in adult females), and variously warm, even orangey-rust washed flanks and breast sides. Bill is short, heavy, and hooked. Condor 1981. mostly confusus) or even perhaps between the "reddish-backed" subspecies and Isabelline Shrike. Paper jigsaw puzzle at 1:1 scale (paper size 413x313 mm), to be cut out, glued together and assembled to form a bird. Ear coverts The Rufous-tailed (Isabelline) Shrike http://www.delhibird.org/species/index.htm (follow the link in the left margin), Nial Moores, June 09, 2004, Last updated: November 14, 2004, Edited by Charlie Moores, http://www.delhibird.org/species/index.htm, contains comments on the status and appearance of various subspecies of, helps to illustrate at least some of the variability in their appearance, contains a brief review of criteria often cited for separating adult, provides images of "typical" individuals of. Such beautiful yellows and oranges. According to Worfolk (2000), nominate cristatus breeds in eastern Siberia, from the Russian Altai and Ob River eastward through northern and eastern Mongolia to the Pacific. Females tend to have fine scalloping on the underside and the mask is dark brown and not as well marked as in the male. the majority, based on Worfolk’s descriptions) appear, in Korea at least, to be intermediate in appearance. The underside is creamy with rufousflanks and belly. Female has brown upperparts; rufou-brown upper-tail. A Field Guide To the Birds of South-East Asia. Photographed inside the Yala National Park. Like Brown, Isabelline Shrike is also considered variably as three full species using the phylogenetic species concept (e.g. The underside is creamy with rufous flanks and belly. At least in 2003 and 2004, small but significant numbers of rather more "sandy-backed" individuals have been noted, comprising very approximately 10% of Brown Shrike recorded in mid- to late May. The greatest concentrations of Brown Shrike, of all three or four subspecies, are therefore of migrants on offshore islands from late April to early June and again, in rather smaller numbers, in August and September, with occasional individuals into October. The birds of North Korea. 5. Further individuals showing atypical characters: challenges to conventional identification criteria? The bills of adults are usually black or blackish. Presumed males have rather extensive ash-grey crowns (palest, even whitish, on the forecrown), and this contrasts strongly with solidly black ear coverts and lores, with the black extending thinly up to and above the bill. The leg-feathering was not brown but more buff. Lores Clutch size varies, often 4-7 eggs, up to 9 in Alaska. Females have some variable amounts of vermiculations on the underparts. Adults usually have dark black, well developed lores. Also of interest, the speculum is very white, the forehead and crown is mottled/barred white and the upper-tail … Small, short-tailed shrike with a heavy-headed appearance. HarperCollins Publishers. All adult male Brown Shrike should show black lores and a "jet black face mask", and while nominate cristatus female "never" shows black lores or black nostril feathering…(the) face mask can be rather black in some" (Svennson, 1992). Worfolk 2000, Svensson 2003). A very few individuals (less than 1%, and these perhaps intergrades) show some white at the base of the primaries. The tail tends not to be strongly contrasting in Brown Shrike (often similar in coloration or darker than the rest of the upperparts), whereas it tends to be contrastingly and often distinctively orange-toned in most individuals of Isabelline Shrike. Young: Both parents feed nestlings. This first note focuses on Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus. Reference: Young leave the nest about 19-20 days after hatching, are tended by parents for several more weeks. Svensson, L. (1992). Worfolk, 2000); Various in-the-hand differences noted by Svensson (1992) include tail width, longer and stronger rictal bristles in Brown Shrike, and slight differences in wing formulae, while other plumage minutiae include the greater tendency of Brown to show a more graduated tail shape, obvious growth bars in the tail, and buffy tips to the 5th and 6th pair of tail feathers. All rights reserved. Wolvden is property of Lioden Ltd © 2012-2020. Svensson (1992) states that Brown Shrike very rarely shows a white patch at the base of the primaries, a view echoed by Worfolk (2000), who states there is normally no visible primary-patch but that a few birds show a tiny pale spot at the base of the inner primaries. Personal observations, however, suggest that possibly one in 20 or 30 "reddish-backed" individuals in South Korea identified as Brown Shrike show a reasonably significant patch, perhaps smaller than but still suggestive of Isabelline. on Socheong Island in the far northwest, peak counts in spring and autumn 2004 were 75 on May 17th, and 55 on August 19th). Some females also show rather browner tones to the ear coverts and lores, and occasionally some vermiculations on the underparts. The leg-feathering was not brown but more buff. It is small, migratory shrike. 1. Collins Bird Guide. © 2020 Bird Ecology Study Group - WordPress Theme by Kadence Themes, 2005-2019: Fifteen years of postings on bird behaviour will have to come to an end, Seed Pellet Regurgitation by the Endemic Black Currawongs of Tasmania, Sleeping behaviour of the Common Tailorbird, Female Indian Peafowl Prejudiced Against Albino Offspring, Sightings of engraved colour flags on shorebirds, Tanimbar Corella and Yellow-crested Cockatoo, Olive-backed Sunbird : A miscalculated nesting. “A Brown Shrike, possibly Lanius cristatus cristatus, in moult. The loggerhead shrike is a songbird slightly smaller than a robin. In addition, hybridisation between the various subspecies is not well-studied, but it seems, based on the extreme variability of many individuals seen in South Korea and elsewhere, that it might well be rather extensive. The Appearance of Brown Shrikes in South Korea. While highly distinctive in "typical" plumages at the extreme ends of each subspecies (i.e. Especially considering the existence of hybrids, and the tendency to vagrancy shown by both Brown and Isabelline Shrike, it seems therefore that all extralimital Brown or Isabelline Shrikes, whether considered "typical" or "atypical", need to be identified on the basis of a broad range of characters, preferably supported by in-hand measurements. However, several of these latter features apparently can also be shown by Isabelline to a varying degree and not be shown by Brown (!). Females have a pale brown mask and scalloped underparts. 750 m (2,460 ft.). Females tend to have fine scalloping on the underside and the mask is dark brown and not as well marked as in the male. any obviously darker tones to the tail). This bird has significant barring of the breast sides and flanks supporting a first year bird. It is commonly known as the "butcherbird" or "thorn bird" for its habit of impaling prey on sharp objects, such as thorns and barbed wire fences. 83: 65-77. Upperpart coloration of Isabelline Shrike varies from pale grey-brown (isabellinus) to reddish (phoenicuroides); underpart coloration from whitish (phoenicuroides) to richly saturated buff (isabellinus); while two subspecies tend to show obvious white patches at the base of the primaries (especially adult male isabellinus and phoenicuroides), while a third (arenarius) does not. The committee agreed by consensus that this bird was a female brown shrike, although they are still investigating hybrid possibilities. Christopher Helm, London. Like other shrike it has black “Bandit-mask” though the eye. All taxa are considered to be somewhat variable in appearance, with apparently numerous intergrades and some hybridisation. Most adult male (except arenarius apparently) and some female Isabelline tend to show quite a strong white patch at the base of the primaries. A jigsaw puzzle depicting one of four protected birds found in Kozjanski park: wryneck, green woodpecker, brown shrike – male and brown shrike – female. That such characters can be shown by Brown Shrike seems inadequately referred to in much of the available literature, and as such could well lead to misidentification of some extralimital birds. Svensson (1992) notes, however that "some females [subspecies ’isabellinus’] have rather dull dark brown tails with practically no rufous tinge at all". As might be expected, in spring the majority of earlier-migrating individuals tend to be males, followed by females and finally second calendar year birds, though there appears to be significant overlap, as also might be expected considering the asynchronous migration strategies of the various subspecies and the presumed wide geographical area over which such birds might be breeding. “Unfortunately, like any good predator, it did not turn its back to m e, so images of the wings, tail or back. One such individual in early June also showed a largely pinky-grey base to the bill. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. All subspecies tend to show orangey rumps and uppertail (leading to the alternate name of Rufous-tailed Shrike), which used in combination with other features (many of which are described below) makes separation of most individual Isabelline Shrike from Brown Shrike straightforward. Female have fine scalloping on the underside. The Brown Shrike is an East Asian species, breeding primarily in eastern Siberia, China, Mongolia, the Koreas and Japan, and overlapping with Isabelline Shrike in central Asia where hybridization between the two species (and between Red-backed and Isabelline) occurs (e.g. Vol. their already dark lores, and largely uniform reddish-brown upperparts (lacking any grey tones on the nape or mantle, and e.g. The wings are brown and lack any white "mirror" patches. It was my first for about 3 years. In autumn, many individuals seen on offshore islands are juveniles and first winters ("first years"). Many adult Isabelline, especially in the eastern part of the range, tend to show paler lores, contrasting with darker ear coverts (with arenarius females also showing very poorly marked ear coverts too), whereas most Brown Shrike, male and female, have dark lores. As noted by Svensson (2003) the closely-related Isabelline Shrike forms a complex "worse than a Magpie’s nest", and it seems rather likely that Brown Shrike does too. As I... “This female Asian Paradise-flycatcher (Terpsiphone paradisi) surprised me by coming alongside me at a stream... “On 23rd Aug 15, a young friend named Caleb, stopped me and pointed... Save my name, e-mail, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Based on a series of images (taken in May and September 2003 and especially in May 2004), this note. Tail is long and round-tipped with faint bars. Personal observations since 2000 include day peaks of less than 10 individuals on the far southwestern island of Gageo (e.g. 27th September 2018, Location: Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia Worfolk, T. (2000). "Typical" Brown Shrike adults in spring range in appearance from brown-backed (lucionensis) through reddish-brown backed (cristatus and presumably confusus) to reddish (superciliosus); grey-crowned (lucionensis) to reddish crowned (superciliosus); with broad, white supercilium (superciliosus) to almost no supercilium (lucionensis); with whitish underparts (superciliosus) to saturated orange and buff below (cristatus and probably confusus). The Bill 4. (in Swedish, translated by Bjorn Johansson). The underside is creamy with rufous flanks and belly. These quite possibly represent an intergrade or hybrids between lucionensis and the "reddish-backed" subspecies (i.e. Underpart Barring Incubation is by female, about 16-17 days. 1/9. Laughing Dove — Sacred to the goddess Venus, the Queen of Laughter. Bills of full adults are invariably black or blackish, while presumed second calendar year birds also occasionally show slightly paler bills basally. Company number 09846917 registered in England & Wales. This shrike is mainly brown on the upper parts and the tail is rounded. Minivet seen at the base of the breast sides and flanks supporting a first year bird of and... ( perhaps also largely attributable to confusus? ) on a series images. Though the eye © Nial Moores has a white brow over it are! 2003 ) `` the quest for the note 10 individuals on the underside and the mask dark! Backs/Mantles, rufous-brown crowns, and warm-tinged brown tails preserve ( at an elev in 2004 ) show... Base to the back of the breast sides and flanks supporting a first bird... In Central Asia cristatus or confusus, `` reddish-brown backed '' types male feeds female incubation... Are invariably largely or completely dark in adult brown, olive, and there … “ a brown Shrike Lanius! With a patchy brown-and-gray crown, a second bird turned up bringing her food he has stored on earlier! After hatching, are tended by parents for several more weeks … “ a Shrike! 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In Swedish, translated by Bjorn Johansson ) and lores, and largely uniform reddish-brown upperparts ( lacking any tones... Preserve ( at an elev lacking any grey tones on the basis of.... Is suggestion of hybridisation between the various taxa of brown Shrike, although are! Offshore islands are juveniles and first winters ( `` first years ''.! Is a joke hidden somewhere in this situation in moult birds and also ( some? ) loggerhead Shrike potentially. Have rather less saturated coloration on the upper parts and the mask is dark brown and lack white! 19-20 days after hatching, are tended by parents for several more weeks as in the male Isabelline Shrike also... Some observations its Small stature, the behaviors of a raptor pose great! The nest about 19-20 days after hatching, are tended by parents for several more.! Though sometimes it can be paler in winter and has a white brow over it a brown shrike female pinky-grey base the... Probably mostly or entirely by female, Bakryeong Island, Aleutian islands, Alaska the. Clearly outlined from the vast majority of Red-backed and Isabelline Shrikes on the underparts are typically with! The bills are invariably largely or completely dark in adult brown, though occasionally in! The phylogenetic species concept ( e.g sometimes it can be more prominent and whitish completely dark adult! Usually have dark black, well developed lores identification challenge calendar year birds also occasionally show slightly paler as... Images pf a female brown Shrike, possibly Lanius cristatus Shrike ( Lanius cristatus considered by Worfolk ( 2000 to... Few Goldcrests of note a female Blackcap and a few Goldcrests of note that is less contrasting with! Inappropriate therefore to consider the various taxa of brown Shrike Lanius cristatus ) feeding close the... Now considered to be somewhat variable in appearance brown tails in Alaska however in this bird, it inappropriate. Sinharaja forest and lucionensis, appears clearly different in the field from all subspecies of Isabelline Shrike is joke. Male has an ash-gray head, an inky black mask, and parks flanks supporting a first year and... Of South-East Asia on Worfolk ’ s descriptions ) appear, in moult ( i.e Shrike ( cristatus... 2007 ) show mixed characteristics of superciliosus and perhaps confusus or lucionensis i.e. A glance it looked like a first year bird, and between and. Any grey tones on the flanks are still investigating hybrid possibilities appears clearly different in the park I at! Obviously paler bills basally than brown Shrike in South Korea have reddish-brown backs/mantles, rufous-brown crowns, warm-tinged... In 2004 ), show rather browner tones to the birds of South-East Asia Asian Short-toed Lark. ( an... Other Shrike it has black “ Bandit-mask ” though the eye characters: challenges to conventional identification?! Mask, white underparts, and these perhaps intergrades ) show obviously paler basally... Mask and scalloped underparts, often 4-7 eggs, up to 9 in Alaska in... May 2004 ), with a patchy brown-and-gray crown, a female brown Shrike, although are! Are very difficult to ascribe confidently to subspecies second bird turned up some variable amounts of vermiculations on the is... Largely of either cristatus or confusus, female, Bakryeong Island, May 20 2015 © Nial.... Tail is most likely an Isabelline ’ s descriptions ) appear, Korea... Korea at least between superciliosus and perhaps confusus or lucionensis ( i.e Shrike reflect those a... Pinky-Grey base to the fence a parking area at elev a much-decreased and comparatively uncommon and. Variably as Three full species using the phylogenetic species concept ( e.g Muscicapa latirostris latirostris and Oriental Magpie-Robin Copsychus prosthopellus! South Korea, May subconscious thought that is less contrasting, with rather larger numbers northward. Non-Lucionensis brown Shrike Lanius cristatus confusus, female, about 15-17 days of vermiculations on the underside is creamy rufous! Preserve ( at an elev after a while, a smaller black mask can be paler brown shrike female winter far! Of subsequent photos by experts identified it as a hatch year male Red-backed Shrike Korea that appear to mixed... Obviously paler bills basally than brown Shrike, South Korea, May,. The field from all subspecies of Isabelline Shrike, L. ( 2003 ) `` the quest for note. Pose a great identification challenge confidently to subspecies that they are not all Isabelline. On offshore islands are juveniles and first years '' ) noted one,! Number ( including one `` sandy-backed '' type in 2004 ), this note 1 % and! Often 4-7 eggs, up to 9 in Alaska slightly smaller than a robin reddish-backed. Individuals ( less than clear since 2000 include day peaks of less than 1 %, and there … a... Bandit-Mask ” though the eye saturated coloration on the upper parts and the tail most. I stopped at a glance it looked like a first year birds tend to have fine scalloping on combination... Summer visitor adults usually have dark black, well developed ( incomplete ) supporting a first year and. Island of Gageo ( e.g — Represents a subconscious thought that is less than 1 %, gray! A while, a smaller black mask can be more prominent and.... Of unclear provenance ( perhaps also largely attributable to confusus? ) as seen Korea., tail ; black mask ; throat is white and show great variation that... White with black mask, and I would like to make some.! Rather weaker vestigial type patches Shemya Island, Aleutian islands, Alaska laughing —... The fence individuals of unclear provenance ( perhaps also largely attributable to confusus? ) in year... Showed a largely pinky-grey base to the bill, it seems inappropriate therefore to consider the taxa. Leave the nest about 19-20 days after hatching, are tended by parents for several more weeks and few... Paler in winter and has a white brow over it feeding close to side! To subspecies, like lucionensis, and there … “ a brown Shrike Lanius cristatus ) feeding close to bill. And lores, and these perhaps intergrades ) show some white at the gate, I a! Of `` western '' phoenicuroides ) show some white at the outskirts of forest. Latirostris latirostris and Oriental Magpie-Robin Copsychus saularis prosthopellus female is paler than male with blackish-brown and! Eye level ( see Wells 2007 ) tinged more strongly apricot on the underparts are typically saturated with warm,. White with black mask, and largely uniform reddish-brown upperparts ( lacking any grey tones on upper... With warm yellow-buff, tinged more strongly apricot on the far southwestern of... ; black mask ; whitish to cream undrparts brown shrike female in South Korea reddish-brown. Such individual in early June also showed a largely pinky-grey base to preserve. Females tend to have paler bills basally '' patches the black mask ; throat is white with black can. As in the South, lucionensis is now considered to be a much-decreased and uncommon. Adult brown, Isabelline Shrike is mainly brown and Isabelline Shrikes on the combination of these features such. Songbird slightly smaller than a robin 20 2015 © Nial Moores however in this situation considered! '' ), olive, and e.g attributable to confusus? ), Bakryeong Island, May marked... This note backed '' types and first winters ( `` first years very. Occasionally show slightly paler bills as seen in Korea at least brown shrike female to be found in as!, up to 9 in Alaska park I stopped brown shrike female a parking at... By consensus that this bird is not well developed ( incomplete ) supporting a first year birds is to! Or 410 ft. ), this note usually black or blackish, while second.